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Economic Migration

Africans have moved from their towns and villages in recent years to cities, plantations and mines in search of economic opportunity.


In his 1946 novel Mine Boy, Peter Abrahams tells the story of Xuma, a young boy growing up in South Africa during apartheid. Xuma leaves his home to find work in the gold mines of Johannesburg.

Ghana Gold. George Osadi

Stimela - Hugh Masekela
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Land in South Africa

From the moment of their arrival, Europeans found ways to seize control of the traditional land of South African peoples including the Khoisan, Xhosa, Ndebele, Sotho, Zulu. Through war, legislation and forced removal, the South African government removed and resettled black Africans in bantustans, or reserves scattered around the country.


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