RULE OF THIRDS
The Rule of Thirds is one of the basic principles of photography. Divide your frame in thirds vertically and horizontally. Position your subject where these lines intersect.
Line is an important element of composition in photography. Our eyes naturally follow lines. Leading Lines is a technique that uses lines to lead the viewer to the subject in the photo.
Perspective can be used to reveal subjects in a different way, giving a photograph a unique quality that might have been absent in a more traditional shot.
Framing draws the viewer into the photograph and directs the eye to the subject of the photograph.
The background of a photograph can enhance or detract from it. Avoid clashing patterns, textures and colors.
Sometimes one part of the frame is more interesting to the eye. Cropping allows the photographer to pay particular attention to what is compelling.
SYMMETRY and PATTERNS
Symmetry and patterns are everywhere in nature and the man-made world. They often escape our attention until we train ourselves to see them.