The tools of the visual storyteller can be simplified to frame, sound, editing.
"Everything we can see: the images on the screen, the faces of the actors or subjects, the motions they make, the lighting, the background, the props, and even the text."
"Everything we can hear: from voice-over narration to dialogue to sound effects, music, or ambient sound."
"Everything that constructs a story: the movement from scene to scene that guides us through a story; how images are placed next to other images to create new or deeper meaning; how sounds are mixed and laid over images to drive emotion or narrative."
from: The Age of the Image: Redefing Literacy in a World of Screens by Stephen Apkon
FURTHER. . .
How to Watch a Movie by David Thomson
The Age of the Image: Redefining Literacy in a World of Screens by Stephen Apkon
The Movie Book: Big Ideas Simply Explained
Setting Up Your Shots: Great Camera Moves Every Filmmaker Should Know by Jeremy Vineyard
Master of the Cinematic Universe by John Bucher & Jeremy Casper